The Global Fund was founded on a set of principles that guides everything the organization does, from governance to grant-making. As stated in the Global Fund Framework Document, these are to:
- Operate as a financial instrument, not as an implementing entity
- Make available and leverage additional financial resources
- Support programs that evolve from national plans and priorities
- Operate in a balanced manner in terms of regions, diseases and interventions
- Pursue an integrated, balanced approach to prevention and treatment
- Evaluate proposals through independent review processes
- Operate with transparency and accountability
- Strengthen and reflect the involvement of those infected and affected, scaling up and reflecting existing national programs and priorities.
Country Coordinating Mechanisms (CCMs) are central to the GF’s commitment to local ownership, participatory decision-making, and coordination. These country-level, multi-stakeholder partnerships CCM Core Functions.
Coordinate the development and submission of national proposals.
- Nominate the Principal Recipient.
- Oversee implementation of the approved grant and submit requests for continued funding.
- Approve any reprogramming and submit requests for continued funding.
- Ensure linkages and consistency between Global Fund grants and other national health and development programs.
The Afghanistan CCM was established in 2003 to coordinate and facilitate the activities funded by GFATM to fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria in Afghanistan. The Afghan CCM was established in response to the requirements and recommendations of the Global Fund. However, in 2011 the GF began a process of transformation in response to evidence of inefficient and ineffective use of resources provided to some countries, constituency concerns, and the global economic crisis. An important aspect of this transformation was the revision of eligibility requirements for countries, and the strengthening of guidelines and requirements for CCMs, approved by the GF Board in May 2011.
In light of these revisions, the ACCM Constitution of April 2010 itself required updating to ensure alignment of CCM functioning with the new GF guidelines. The Constitution includes a set of rules and procedures that govern the ACCM’s mandate, structure, membership, and operations, and provides important guidance, especially for new ACCM members.